The rush for competitive entrance examinations into these institutions is not only informed by the quest for employment but also for professional aptitude.
With the publication of results of end of course examinations like the GCE Advanced Level and Baccalaureate, thousands of young Cameroonians are knocking the doors of professional training schools in diverse speciality in the country. This is further compounded by the launching of competitive entrance examinations into these training institutions, some of which provides opportunities for direct employment into the Public Service.
Apart from securing a public service registration number, many other youth have the zeal to become professionals in various fields of work. Hence the need for professional training spurs thousands of youth to seek admission into professional training institutions like National Advanced School of Engineering, Public Works, Journalism, International Relations, Forestry and Agriculture, amongst others. However, to gain access into these professional training institutions, there is a price tag candidates must pay. From registration fee for the exams, compilation of documents, transportation cost to examination centres and annual tuition fee when finally admitted, candidates spend quite a fortune. But the amount spent cannot be equated to the professional skills acquired which ushers them into the work world.
As Cameroon strive to attain an emerging country status by 2035, the need of competent human resource is imperative. This explains why Chapter 4 of the National Development Strategy 2020-2030, which is the new blueprint document for development orientation, harps on the development of human capital and well-being. The structural transformation of the national economy requires the availability of competent and competitive human capital. “It represents an essential factor for the development of a dynamic industrial sector and relies on the existence of a large workforce that is well trained and optimally employed,” the document reads.
The government and development partners are tilting attention today for training in technical and vocational fields unlike the general administration of the yesteryears. This is to ensure that structural transformation of the economy with the help of qualified and quantitative human capital acquires the necessary skills. While encouraging professional studies in order to develop the needed competent and competitive workforce, the government is also keen on fighting unemployment and promoting the development of a productive private sector that can create jobs. Cameroon’s Human Capital Development Initiative (HCDI) has dropped according to SND20-30. “From 0.41 in 2012, it reduced to 0.39 in 2017 before growing to 0.56 per cent in 2020.